Van der Waals, Johannes Diederik


Van der Waals, Johannes Diederik
(23 nov. 1837, Leiden, Holanda–9 mar. 1923, Amsterdam).

Físico holandés. Como profesor en la Universidad de Amsterdam (1877–1907), extendió la clásica ley de los gases ideales (ver leyes de los gases) para describir mejor el comportamiento de los gases reales, deduciendo la ecuación de estado de Van der Waals en 1881. Su trabajo condujo a la licuefacción de varios gases comunes e hizo posible el estudio de temperaturas cercanas al cero absoluto. Las fuerzas de Van der Waals recibieron dicho nombre en su honor. Recibió un Premio Nobel en 1910.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • van der Waals, Johannes Diederik — born Nov. 23, 1837, Leiden, Neth. died March 9, 1923, Amsterdam Dutch physicist. As professor at the University of Amsterdam (1877–1907), he extended the classical ideal gas law (see gas laws) to describe the behaviour of real gases, deriving the …   Universalium

  • Johannes Diederik van der Waals — Johannes Diderik van der Waals Johannes Diderik van der Waals (* 23. November 1837 in Leiden; † 8. März 1923 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländischer Physiker. 1910 erhielt er den Nobelpreis für Physik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes van der Waals — Nacimiento 23 de noviembre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johannes Diderik van der Waals — Infobox Scientist name = Johannes van der Waals |250px image width = 250px caption = Johannes Diderik van der Waals birth date = birth date|1837|11|23|mf=y birth place = Leiden, Netherlands death date = death date and age|1923|3|8|1837|11|23… …   Wikipedia

  • van der Waals forces — van dər .wȯlz n pl the relatively weak attractive forces that are operative between neutral atoms and molecules and that arise because of the electric polarization induced in each of the particles by the presence of other particles Waals wäls… …   Medical dictionary

  • van der Waals forces — Relatively weak electrical forces that attract neutral (uncharged) molecules to each other in gases, liquefied and solidified gases, and almost all organic liquids and solids. Solids held together by van der Waals forces typically have lower… …   Universalium

  • Waals, Johannes Diederik van der — ▪ Dutch physicist born Nov. 23, 1837, Leiden, Neth. died March 9, 1923, Amsterdam       Dutch physicist, winner of the 1910 Nobel Prize for Physics for his research on the gaseous and liquid states of matter. His work made the study of… …   Universalium

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